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VATICAN APPEALS FOR LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES

Archbishop Celestino Migliore, the Holy See's permanent observer to the United Nations, appeals that the world needs a surge of solidarity. He made this plea on Monday September 19 during the high-level meeting on the midterm comprehensive global review of the implementation of the program of action for the least developed countries for 2001-2010.

Below is Archbishop Migliore's address:
* *

Madam President,

Although both the progress made by least developed countries (LDCs) and the increased official development assistance (ODA) afforded them by partners are to be warmly commended, a consensus exists that recent growth remains extremely vulnerable, since it rests almost entirely on the exportation of raw materials, especially oil, and has not yet produced overall progress in the reduction of poverty or in the improvement of human well-being.

The Holy See joins those who point out that this relative and fragile macroeconomic improvement must not distract from giving serious consideration to the grave underlying problems as yet unresolved, nor tempt us to lose sight of their dramatic urgency.

The present economic data should also be read in the light of other grave realities such as war -- which afflicts a significant number of LDCs -- ecological degradation and desertification, persistent hunger and child malnutrition and the continuing scourges of AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis and many other diseases associated with poverty.

Moreover, the unstoppable flight of masses of people from impoverished regions toward the more developed areas of the world has brought the grave problems of the LDCs, once an academic and distant reality, knocking literally on the doors of the rich countries. This dramatic situation underlines the need for a genuine global commitment in order to achieve promptly the goals of Brussels Program of Action (BPoA), with fresh attention paid to dignified living conditions and productive work as essential elements.

Therefore, as well as the pressing moral imperative of economic solidarity toward poor countries, based on the unity of the human race and on the equal dignity of all persons, we are faced today with the urgent task of remedying a situation which, in the absence of solutions that are effective, just and respectful of human rights, will continue to cause intolerable damage in the LDCs and inevitably bring about a state of permanent instability in the social fabric of developed countries.

The overall creation of dignified employment is just as important as the two columns presented in the BPoA: the basic quality of life and overall political and macroeconomic conditions. All these elements are inseparable and mutually dependent.

Productive employment can exist only if there is a healthy and educated population. Likewise, achieving and maintaining a certain quality of life is the result of a national productivity capable of generating resources that allow societies and governments to attain this goal. Productivity, in its turn, is always conditioned by an environment of peace, good governance and favorable external macroeconomic conditions.

The Cotonou Strategy clearly identifies the responsibilities of the LDCs and the action expected from their development partners. LDC governments must ensure that all policies are people-centered, implement measures to eradicate corruption, guarantee transparency and the rule of law, and enforce policies that will boost the productive capacity of their countries.

The active participation of international partners is indispensable. This should not be seen as something complementary or as an optional concession which can be postponed in the face of pressing national concerns. It is a grave and inexorable moral responsibility, founded on the unity of the human race, on the common dignity and the shared destiny of rich and poor alike, drawn ever closer by the process of globalization.

Trade conditions clearly favorable to LDCs must be maintained where they exist and created where they do not. Among such conditions are the opening of developed markets, the provision of quota-free and duty-free market access to 100% of exportable products from LDCs without further delay and the elimination of all trade distorting barriers, including tariff peaks and tariff escalations, high subsidies and other mechanisms and practices disadvantageous to exports from the LDCs.

Provision must also be made for the rapid, total and unconditional cancellation of the external debt of the LDCs together with the means that ensure that the countries do not fall again into unsustainable debt. Developed countries should recall and implement their obligation to full compliance with the commitments made in terms of external aid.

A massive investment of resources in the research and development of medicines for AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis and other tropical diseases is needed. It could be said that the first and foremost scientific challenge to the developed countries is the discovery of a vaccine against malaria. Equally needed is the transfer of medical and pharmacological technology and health care expertise with no legal or economic conditions attached. These are just some of the challenges facing all members of the international community.

Representatives of the LDCs meeting in Cotonou rightly recognized that the honesty of government officials, the vitality of the democratic institutions and the rule of law are essential elements for fostering people-centered policies and building human capacity. In this context, the international community must continue to work for the drastic reduction of the legal and illegal conventional arms trade, the illegal trade of precious raw materials and the flight of capital. Citizens of developed countries who corrupt officials of poor countries or engage in money-laundering practices should be punished just as if they had committed these crimes in their country of origin.

As is well known, the Catholic Church has undertaken many initiatives in the last decade with a view to bringing both its own members and all people of good will to a greater awareness of the shared responsibility in relation to the problems derived from international trade and finance.

Today many of its members, from rich and poor countries alike, associated in a wide variety of organizations, are engaged in favor of LDCs. Likewise, through an extensive network of centers of formation and health care, we give active support on all levels to the efforts of LDCs.

This is taking place in education at all levels where future leaders learn about their respective responsibilities. It is also happening in a vast range of health care, from the struggle against child malnutrition to the care of the elderly and the incurable. In this area our institutions are making extensive and important contributions in the struggle against AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis.

The Holy See continues to encourage the international community, especially the more developed and medium income countries, to support the implementation of the BPoA, and appeals for a surge of solidarity. The world needs a surge of solidarity in favor of LDCs. The adoption of the measures proposed in the Cotonou Strategy may appear costly for developed countries and their citizens, but they will be less than the social burden generated in the same countries in the medium term if the problems facing the LDCs are not resolved.

Twenty years ago, public opinion was moved by those who risked their lives climbing fences that kept them prisoners of dictatorial regimes. Today, millions risk their lives to escape from the dictatorship of poverty. Fences will not stop them.

For their good and for the prosperity of all of us, developed countries and LDCs must implement effective policies such as those found in the BPoA, so that the citizens of LDCs will choose freely to remain at home, where they can attain, for themselves, their families and their country, employment and living conditions that can truly be called dignified.

Thank you, Madam President.

 
LIVES OF THE SAINTS

NOVEMBER 1
ALL SAINTS' DAY
This feast day grew out of the love and devotion of God's people. 

NOVEMBER 2
ALL SOULS' DAY
This feast day is one of the most loving celebrations in all the Church's liturgy. 

NOVEMBER 3
ST. MARTIN DE PORRES
St. Martin was born in Lima, Peru, in 1579.

NOVEMBER 4
ST. CHARLES BORROMEO

St. Charles lived in the sixteenth century. He was the son of a rich Italian count.

NOVEMBER 5
ST. BERTILLA

St. Bertilla lived in the seventh century. The first biography of her life appeared in Latin in the year 800.

NOVEMBER 6
ST. THEOPHANE VENARD

St. Theophane, he holy French priest, dreamed of being a martyr even as a youngster.

NOVEMBER 7
ST. WILLIBRORD

St. Willibrord was born in England in 658.

NOVEMBER 8
ST. GODFREY

St. Godfrey lived in the twelfth century. He received his education from the monks of Mont-Saint-Quentin. Godfrey became a monk and a priest.

NOVEMBER 9
ST. THEODORE TIRO

St. Theodore lived in the third century.

NOVEMBER 10
ST. LEO THE GREAT

St. Leo, a Roman, lived in the fifth century. At the death of Pope Sixtus, he became pope.

NOVEMBER 11
ST. MARTIN OF TOURS

St. Martin, the soldier saint lived in the fourth century.

NOVEMBER 12
ST. JOSAPHAT

St. Josaphat was born in the Ukraine and baptized John in 1580.

NOVEMBER 13
ST. FRANCES XAVIER CABRINI

St. Frances was born on July 15, 1850. As a child growing up in Italy, she dreamed about being a missionary to China.

NOVEMBER 14
ST. LAWRENCE O'TOOLE

St. Lawrence was born in Ireland in 1128. He was the son of a chief.

NOVEMBER 15
ST. ALBERT THE GREAT

St. Albert lived in the thirteenth century. He was born in a castle on the Danube River in Swabia (southwest Germany).

NOVEMBER 16
ST. MARGARET OF SCOTLAND

St. Margaret was an English princess born in 1046.

NOVEMBER 16
ST. GERTRUDE

St. Gertrude entered a convent in Saxony when she was very young.

NOVEMBER 17
ST. ELIZABETH OF HUNGARY

St. Elizabeth, the daughter of the king of Hungary was born in 1207.

NOVEMBER 18
ST. ROSE PHILIPPINE DUCHESNE

St. Rose labored for Jesus in the United States. She was born into a wealthy French family in 1769.

NOVEMBER 19
ST. NERSES

St. Nerses lived in fourth-century Armenia. He was an official in the court of King Arshak.

NOVEMBER 20
ST. EDMUND

St. Edmund was an English king who lived in the ninth century.

NOVEMBER 21
PRESENTATION OF MARY

When she was only three years old, the Blessed Virgin Mary was taken to the Temple.

NOVEMBER 22
ST. CECILIA

St. Cecilia, the patroness of music lived in early times. What we know about her goes back to the fourth century.

NOVEMBER 23
ST. COLUMBAN

St. Columban, the most famous of the Irish missionary-monks, lived in the seventh century.

NOVEMBER 23
BLESSED MIGUEL AUGUSTIN PRO

Blessed Miguel Pro was born in Guadalupe, Mexico, in 1891. He was destined to become a martyr of the twentieth century.

NOVEMBER 24
ST. ANDREW DUNG-LAC AND COMPANIONS

Christian missionaries first brought the Catholic faith to Vietnam during the sixteenth century.

NOVEMBER 25
ST. CATHERINE LABOURE

St. Catherine was born Zoe Laboure in 1806. She was the daughter of a French farmer.

NOVEMBER 25
ST. CATHERINE OF ALEXANDRIA

St. Catherine lived in early Christian times. She was the daughter of a wealthy pagan couple of Alexandria, Egypt.

NOVEMBER 26
ST. JOHN BERCHMANS

St. John, the Belgian saint once said, "If I do not become a saint when I am young, I shall never become one.

NOVEMBER 27
ST. JAMES INTERCISUS

St. James was a Persian who lived in the fifth century. He was a great favorite of King Yezdigerd I.

NOVEMBER 29
BLESSED FRANCIS ANTHONY OF LUCERA

Blessed Francis born in 1681, was nicknamed Johnny as a child. He was the son of an Italian farmer.

NOVEMBER 30
ST. ANDREW

St. Andrew, like his brother, Simon Peter, was a fisherman. He became a disciple of the great St. John the Baptist.

 
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SAINT MICHAEL
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SAINT GABRIEL

St. Gabriel Prayer

SAINT RAPHAEL

St. Raphael Prayer
 
PHOTO OF THE MONTH


Tour of the Relics of the Passion
(International Center for Holy Relics)
www.HolyRelics.org

 
REFLECTIONS

“Jesus’ Baptism”

Why did Jesus, the sinless one sent from the Father in heaven, submit himself to John’s baptism? John preached a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins (Luke 3:3). In this humble submission we see a foreshadowing of the “baptism” of Jesus bloody death upon the cross. Jesus’ baptism is the acceptance and the beginning of his mission as God’s suffering Servant (Isaiah 52:13-15; 53:1-12). He allowed himself to be numbered among sinners. Jesus submitted himself entirely to his Father’s will. Out of love he consented to this baptism of death for the remission of our sins. Do you know the joy of trust and submission to God?

 
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EVENTS
Holy Relics of Advent in Hawaii
Miles Christi Women's Retreat

NEWS
The Sacrament of Marriage
Bishops Shield Pope Against BBC Assault
Much Work Remains in Many Areas

Vatican Appeals for Least Developed Countries

MAINPAGE ARTICLE
Immaculate Conception of Mary
Memorial of St. Frances Xavier Cabrini

Feast of St Jude the Miraculous Saint
Miracle of Our Lady of Fatima


View More Archives

 
 

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ABOUT ARCHANGELS
SAINT MICHAEL
St. Michael the Archangel Story
History of St. Michael the Archangel Prayer
St. Michael the Archangel Prayers
St. Michael the Archangel Apparitions
The Chaplet of St. Michael Archangel
Novena to St Micheal the Archangel
Litany of St. Michael the Archangel


SAINT GABRIEL

St. Gabriel Prayer

SAINT RAPHAEL

St. Raphael Prayer
 
PHOTO OF THE MONTH


Tour of the Relics of the Passion
(International Center for Holy Relics)
www.HolyRelics.org

 
REFLECTIONS

“Jesus’ Baptism”

Why did Jesus, the sinless one sent from the Father in heaven, submit himself to John’s baptism? John preached a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins (Luke 3:3). In this humble submission we see a foreshadowing of the “baptism” of Jesus bloody death upon the cross. Jesus’ baptism is the acceptance and the beginning of his mission as God’s suffering Servant (Isaiah 52:13-15; 53:1-12). He allowed himself to be numbered among sinners. Jesus submitted himself entirely to his Father’s will. Out of love he consented to this baptism of death for the remission of our sins. Do you know the joy of trust and submission to God?

 
NEWS ARCHIVE & ACTIVITIES

EVENTS
Holy Relics of Advent in Hawaii
Miles Christi Women's Retreat

NEWS
The Sacrament of Marriage
Bishops Shield Pope Against BBC Assault
Much Work Remains in Many Areas

Vatican Appeals for Least Developed Countries

MAINPAGE ARTICLE
Immaculate Conception of Mary
Memorial of St. Frances Xavier Cabrini

Feast of St Jude the Miraculous Saint
Miracle of Our Lady of Fatima


View More Archives

 
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